Blepharoplasty is the medical term for eyelid surgery, which is performed to reduce the signs of aging in the upper eyelids, lower eyelids, or both. Over time, the delicate skin around the eyes can begin to sag, creating a drooping effect that can make men and women look tired and worn out. Fatty tissue located around the eyes can also become more prominent as skin loses its natural volume, creating bags and puffiness, especially in the area under the eyes. Blepharoplasty uses special techniques to address all these issues to help patients look more energized and more youthful.
Upper lid surgery uses incisions placed in the crease of the eyelid so any scars will be hidden when the eyes are open. Lower lid surgery uses incisions made along the lash line or, in cases where excess skin is not being removed, inside the lower lid so incisions will be completely hidden. Special surgical instruments are used to carefully remove fat and excise excess skin so the area around the eyes looks more toned and less “droopy.” Once the procedure is complete, tiny sutures will be used to close the incisions. Both sets of lids can be completed in a single surgery session, which can take from one to three hours to perform.
Right after surgery, a special ointment will be placed over the surgical site to soothe the area and prevent infection. There may be swelling, redness and bruising around the eyes which can last for about two weeks. Keeping the head elevated throughout the day and during sleep can help reduce swelling and discomfort, and cold compresses may also be used.
Patients who wear contacts may be advised to wear glasses during initial recovery to prevent irritation and to reduce the risk of infecting the area. Any existing eye conditions and diseases like dry eye or glaucoma should be discussed with the doctor prior to surgery as well.